❝ The eyes were like pits, mouth a straight line, cheeks indrawn. It’s the look of terrible awareness, she thought, of someone forced to the knowledge of his own mortality. ❞
— Frank Herbert, Dune.
6 hours ago on 02 Sep 2014

detailsdetales:

Dante and Virgile in Hell, detail (1850)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau

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♥ 6 — 19 hours ago on 02 Sep 2014 — via stoyann
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innertechnology:

Metatron’s Cube Star Clucter - Sacred Geometry

innertechnology:

Metatron’s Cube Star Clucter - Sacred Geometry

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#art  
♥ 110 — 1 day ago on 01 Sep 2014 — via davemustaineismyhusband (source)
❝ At least from the sixth century AD, ethnicity was defined by one’s social role, even if it had originally derived from a notion of cultural community (Amory 1993: 26; Heather 1998). Ethnicity, in other words, was not an objective category with a precise referent but a subjective process through which individuals or groups identified themselves against others, in particular situations and by certain criteria, usually in the context of conflict or war. Political divisions could be expressed through the symbolic manipulation of ‘pre-existing similarities’ and traditions for the purposes of unifying one community in opposition to another, people having to belong to one group rather than another (Barth 1969; Geary 1983: 16ff.; Shennan 1989: 14). This definition implies the existence of specific ideological legitimation claims linked to core groups of people, normally that of the war-leader/king. Warriors would then gather under his ethnic umbrella, whatever their names. ❞

Hedeager, Lotte. Iron Age Myth and Materiality: An Archaeology of Scaninavia AD 400-1000. New York: Routledge, 2011. Print.

I decided to put up this quote from some of my elective reading which explains quite succinctly both where the idea that there were no PoC in medieval Europe comes from, and why it was bullshit.

Allow me to draw your attention to the last sentence here:
This definition implies the existence of specific ideological legitimation claims linked to core groups of people, normally that of the war-leader/king. Warriors would then gather under his ethnic umbrella, whatever their names.

For those of you that are not used to reading academic texts, let me translate for you. This means that warriors would gather underneath a leader who had achieved status, usually through battle. They would identify themselves as one of his followers, and therefore identify themselves as a member of his “ethnicity” regardless of where they were born in the world.

In this context, “ethnicity” does not mean ancestry. In a medieval context, this word would be better adapted to the modern day “in-group.” Tribal affiliations of this kind did have a genetic component, but travel around Europe and Asia and Africa particularly by wealthy men was not uncommon, an marriage between tribes was also quite common.

Therefore, one would earn their place within a tribal group, and become a member of this group, that was later determined by historians in more recent times to be racial in nature.

The Gauls, Burgundians, Goths, and any other germanic tribe should be more appropriately thought of as being organizations, membership into which is based upon loyalty and deeds rather than heritage.

It is through the misunderstanding and misreading of the nature of these affiliations that people come to the conclusion that there were no PoC in medieval Europe. There most definitely were. it’s just that during this time, divisions were ideological and not racial in nature. You could be Middle Eastern, Germanic, or deep African and still be called a Goth if you operated and lived within the Gothic band.

(via acacophony)

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guys-vintage:

Corston M65 JacketSee what’s on sale from AllSaints on Wantering.

guys-vintage:

See what’s on sale from AllSaints on Wantering.

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breathtakingdestinations:

Dresden - Saxony - Germany  (von Harshil.Shah)

breathtakingdestinations:

Dresden - Saxony - Germany (von Harshil.Shah)

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#art  #dark  
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wolveswolves:

By Gaëtan Bourque

wolveswolves:

By Gaëtan Bourque

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#wolf  #wolves  
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#archer